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A Grand Cru Classe, Chateau Canon-La-Gaffeliere is located in the center of the St. Emilion appellation. Thanks to its location, it gets the climate of both St.Emilion and Pomerol, which means that it is more continental than the maritime Medoc. The name of the vineyard derives from the medieval word for "leper" which reflects the leprosarium that was located there during the 14th century. After much of the property was replanted in the 1950s, the Neipperg family purchased it in 1971. As a result of the efforts of Comte Stephan von Neipperg, the chateau received recognition from the likes of Robert Parker, who cited it as one of the most significantly improved wines over the last few years. The composition of the 19.5 hectares of vineyards is 55% Merlot 55%, 40% Cabernet Franc, and 5% Cabernet Sauvignon. While the vinification methods are traditional, they do practice "micro-oxygenation," in which oxygen particles are pumped through the wine to enhance its color. This man-made practice is an interesting contrast to their philosophy of bio-dynamism in the vineyard.